Quarry & Terrain
The generic term "foxhunting" applies to red fox, gray fox, coyote and bobcat chasing depending on location. In colonial days the primary quarry was the gray fox. Red foxes were found only in Canada and as far south as New Jersey and Pennsylvania. The gray fox was native to the country south of there. Some red foxes migrated to the southern states. Others were imported from England and released. What animal is hunted depends on the geographic location of the hunt. Today in North America the coyote has become a significant quarry as well as the fox. Coyotes are very adaptable and have migrated across America reaching areas of Virginia, Maryland and Pennsylvania.
There is tremendous variety of both terrain and quarry in the United States and Canada. Hounds hunt red fox along the sand dunes of Long Island Sound. They hunt red and gray foxes, coyotes and bobcats in the pine woods of Alabama, Georgia, Tennessee, Kentucky, Mississippi, Florida and the Carolinas. The stony fields and thick deciduous growth of New England make perfect covert for the red fox. Virginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Delaware offer countryside closer to the traditional English landscape. Here, the fox is plentiful. Moving westward, there is hunting on the great plains of the Mid-west, in the high altitudes of the Rocky Mountains and along the shores of the Pacific Ocean. Coyotes predominate as one moves westward. Canada has the same variety of terrain and quarry as one moves from east to west. Foxhunting exists in thirty-six states and four Canadian provinces.